Stone Products Overview Plus Guide to Selection and Use

Cinajus Natural Stone Floors, Pavers, Tiles and Walls Sydney

Choosing the right stone, for you by understanding stone’s basic properties and features.

Being able to make an educated and informed decision when you are ready to select natural stone products for your next job or project. Whether you’re in Sydney, Melbourne or another location within Australia no problem we can help.

The ‘right stone’ for your project has to meet necessities supported by look and performance. Choosing the appropriate flooring, for instance, is first of all a matter of personal taste. One among the appealing aspects of using stone is however its distinctive character is often accustomed to show your own distinctive personality.

The variety of colours, textures and finishes obtainable in stone currently rivals the variety out there in more ‘traditional’ floor coverings. Like these coverings, selecting a stone that’s sturdy and immune to staining and wear is very important.

The primary step is to grasp the strengths and challenges of the assorted varieties of stone on the market.

Please Take Note of the Following Information: Buyers should be aware that natural stones are a product of nature and therefore variation in thickness, dimension sizes, tones and colour is inherent over and above the specifications and samples. Samples only represent the general characteristics of the stone.

We recommend you test the material for suitability of application. Sealing is recommended for all natural stone products. Pre-sealing of sandstone and limestone is recommended prior to installation around a salt water pool. Do not use an acid wash to clean any natural stone. A pH neutral cleaner is recommended.

Basic General Product Information

At Cinajus in Sydney we stock over 5000 square meters of 100% Natural Stone as tiles, pavers and wall cladding on an everyday basis for immediate delivery.

Granite | Bluestone | Basalt | Limestone | Sandstone | Travertine | Marble

Points to consider when buying natural stone

Buyers should be aware that natural stones are a product of nature and therefore variation in thickness, dimension sizes, tones and colour is inherent over and above the specifications and samples.

We have a rigorous quality control system and we take great care in checking the material prior to dispatch from the quarries, however being a natural product there could be minor variations in dimensions and thickness.

Buyers should be aware that there could be some material with minor chips due to the weight of the stone and the distance of transportation. These chipped pieces are generally used for cutting.

We suggest that you order the industry standard of 10% extra to allow for wastage and cutting on site and spares.

This is true all for all natural stone tiles, pavers and cladding regardless of its origin and is no different to ceramic, porcelain or vitrified tiles or brick or concrete pavers.

  • Samples only represent the general characteristics of the stone.
  • We recommend you test the material for suitability of application.
  • Sealing is recommended for all natural stone products.
  • Pre-sealing sandstone & limestone is recommended prior to installation around a salt water pool.
  • Do not use any acid wash to clean any natural stone.
  • A pH neutral cleaner is recommended.

Applications

Driveways – Granite, Balmoral Basalt or Bluestone either in a cobblestone or a paver minimum 30mm thick to be laid on a concrete slab.

Internal Tiles – 15mm or 20mm thick stone.

Pool coping – 30 or 40mm thick stone Bull-nosed or bevelled edge.

Paving – Pool surrounds, patios, balconies or anywhere else except vehicular trafficable areas – 20mm thick stone.

Walling internal or external – 10mm and upwards thick stone.

We recommend our stone pavers be laid on a concrete slab with a sand cement moist mortar or suitable glue which will allow for minor variations in the dimensions and thickness of the stone. Before undertaking any flooring or walling project please consult a licensed tradesperson or contact us and we will assist you with the selection of the most appropriate product for your application.

Below is a brief number of popular natural stone product types commercially available today. 

Limestone

Formation and composition: A rock composed mostly of calcium carbonate. Most limestone is made by the deposition and compaction of marine fossil objects (e.g. shells, coral and bone matter) however freshwater and Aeolian (wind-blown) deposits are known and also can be obtained commercially.

Limestone finishes: The density of limestone varies significantly and this affects the surface finishes on the market for various types of limestone. High density limestone (e.g. Jura from Germany) are often processed to provide a ‘satin’ honed finish style. Coarser and fewer dense styles of limestone are restricted to a sawn or coarse honed finished product.

Appearance: Mostly white, cream or tan generally with golden ‘highlights’ because of the presence of iron ore compounds (iron hydroxide). limestone is additionally on the market in blue-grey, grey and black.

Common uses: Paving/Pavers, internal and external wall cladding, floor and wall tiles.

A NOTE FROM CINAJUS: Cinajus Limestone is imported from China, India and Turkey. Cost of material is a big factor during construction works and Cinajus in Sydney offers a wide range of Limestone pavers, tiles, cobblestones and wall cladding at very competitive rates.

Travertine

Formation and composition: A rock shaped by the precipitation of calcium carbonate from mineral springs. The calcium carbonate is usually deposited onto vegetation like bryophyte, moss or alga that plays a role in developing the usual porous nature of the stone.

Surface finishes: commercial based travertine typically includes a comparatively high density; making it mostly processed to supply a ‘satin’ honed finish. this material may be used with the pores empty or stuffed with a stable cementitious or compound filler. Travertine also can be processed with rough-textured finishes comparable to sandblasted or bush hammered finish.

Appearance: Mostly white, cream or tan occasionally with delicate golden or blue-grey tones. the looks of travertine may vary dramatically counting on the way it’s cut. Cutting the travertine across the grain will highlight the many tonal variations within the layers and exposes the quite big, commonly elongated pores. Material slabbed using this fashion is named vein-cut. If the travertine is cut parallel, or on the grain, the variations within the layers are given as a flowery, blotchy or circular pattern – this slabbing orientation is named cross-cut or fleuri cut.

Usage: Internal and external wall cladding, floor and also wall tiles.

Reasons for selection: The distinctive patterning and texture of travertine has been loved for thousands of years. Travertine is usually a dense and sturdy material that’s soft to the touch and stays cool under your foot that makes it a decent selection for barefoot areas like bathrooms or pool surrounds. The largest building in the world constructed mostly of travertine is the Colosseum in Rome.

A NOTE FROM CINAJUS: Cinajus Travertine is imported from Turkey. Cost of material is a big factor during construction works and Cinajus in Sydney offers a wide range of Turkish travertine tiles plus Iranian travertine pavers and wall cladding at very competitive rates.

Marble

Formation and composition: It is a metamorphic rock made mostly of calcite shaped from limestone once there has been heat and/or pressure. Commercially, the term is additionally used for varieties of high density limestone that can take a polish.

Surface finishes: The high density and low porousness of marble permits it to be processed to a high polish. alternative surface finishes out there are honed, sawn and sandblasted.

Appearance: Marble is usually white, typically with some minor veining however additionally on the market in colours equivalent to black, blue-grey, red and pink. Marble is usually consistently fine grained though some varieties with giant grains (+5cm) can be obtained.

Main usage: Can be used for Paving/Pavers, internal and external wall cladding, bench and vanity tops, plus floor and wall tiles.

Reasons for selection: Its semitransparent nature and pearly lustre is quite unique and no alternative material suggests class like marble. The variety of materials out there permits choice of uniform colours, refined veining or a dramatic mosaic impact.

A NOTE FROM CINAJUS: Cinajus Marble is imported from Turkey and China. Cost of material is a big factor during construction works and Cinajus in Sydney offers a wide range of stone flooring, marble, tiles, pavers and wall cladding at very competitive rates.

Bluestone

Formation and composition: Bluestone is known as a loose term covering a variety of stone sorts that aren’t simply dressed comparable to sandstone (classed as a ‘freestone’). In Victoria, basalt is also known as bluestone whereas in South Australia the term refers to a variety of metamorphic rocks together with schists and siltstone. porphyry quarried in Queensland might even be classed as bluestone.

Surface finish: Most types of bluestone are marketed with natural split or rock face feature finishes. Victorian bluestone (basalt) is typically used with a sawn finish. Some bluestone product also is on the market with honed and sandblasted finishes.

Appearance: Victorian bluestone is black to dark grey-blue whereas South Australian bluestone is mostly grey-blue with ‘autumn’ colour highlights. porphyry is out there in grey-blue tones also as golden autumn colours. Victorian bluestone is defined by giant pores referred to as vesicles however usually referred to as ‘cat’s paws’.

Common usage: bluestone is processed as cube-like material for masonry construction and conjointly as setts or flags for pedestrian and transport paving. Victorian bluestone is sawn into calibrated slabs and tiles to be used as paving and cladding.

Reasons for selection: bluestone could be a cluster of stone materials that’s typically thought-about to be robust, dense, sturdy and stain resistant. In Victoria and South Australia, bluestone is seen as Associate in Nursing an integral part of the native history and also the earthy colour’s variety is effectively used to mix the modern and natural environments.

Characteristics to consider: Most styles of bluestone don’t seem to be calibrated throughout processing so important thickness variations has to be taken into consideration throughout installation.

Performance analysis criteria: Water absorption, density, modulus of rupture, secondary mineral content.

A NOTE FROM CINAJUS: Cinajus Basalt Bluestone and Porphyry is imported from China and has similar physical properties, hardness and durability to Australian quarried bluestone and porphyry. Cost of material is a big factor during construction works and Cinajus in Sydney offers a wide range of Bluestone Basalt walls and flooring products such as pavers, tiles, cobblestones and wall cladding at very competitive rates.

Granite

Formation and composition: Granite is an igneous rock shaped at depth. True granites contain quartz, mica and feldspar however within the industrial sense the term covers with regards to any stone that may take a polish. the colour and texture of granite varies greatly and depends on the stone’s mineral composition and rate of cooling.

Appearance: the foremost versatile of materials. Granite may be processed to supply a large variety of finishes from an extremely reflective polish to a rough exfoliated (flamed) surface. alternative surface finishes embody honed, sandblasted, antiqued and water-jet blasted.

Colour range: Granite covers the entire pallet of colours, from coal black to ice white. alternative common colours can be red, brown, green, grey, yellow-gold, blue. Granite, by definition is ‘granular’, however the grain size varies wide from lower than 1mm to over 5cm.

Common usage: Paving/Paver’s plus internal and external wall cladding, floor tiles, driveways, even bench tops and monuments / monumental structures.

Reasons for selection: Granite can be considered one of the foremost sturdy stone type; it’s typically sturdy and arduous wearing. Granite contains a comparatively low water absorption capability and combined with chemicals inert minerals offers the stone sensible resistance to most stains. The beauty of using Granite as an internal floors tile or external pavers, steep or flat driveways, pool coping or step tread is that this is virtually maintenance free.

A NOTE FROM CINAJUS: Cinajus Granite stone is imported from China and has similar physical properties, hardness and durability to Australian quarried bluestone and porphyry. Cost of material is a big factor during construction works and Cinajus in Sydney offers a wide range of Granite pavers, tiles, cobblestones and wall cladding at very competitive rates.

Sandstone

Formation and makeup: A sedimentary rock made mostly of quartz. Found typically cemented alongside clay and/or consolidated with secondary silica that has been chemically deposited. Minor minerals containing iron and manganese (among others) provide the stone its distinctive characteristics. The movement of those soluble minerals throughout the stone will manufacture banding or develop as a consistent colour.

Surface finishes: The standard gritty nature of sandstone precludes the event of a polished finish; however, some dense materials will turn out a honed finish. The coarser surface textures contain items such as sawn, sand-blasted, bush hammer and rock-face.

Appearance: Usually white, gold or brown however additionally on the market in shades of red, purple, grey, green and black.

Common use: sandstone is often used as pedestrian paving/pavers, internal plus external cladding, statues and masonry construction.

Reasons for selection: sandstone is definitely a very versatile material which will simply be cut and reworked into almost any shape/form conceivable. Most surface finishes can accommodate some of the most rigorous slip resistance needs. As sandstone doesn’t absorb heat quickly, it tends to remain cool underneath foot and is such a decent selection for entertaining areas.

Care Note: Sandstone, regardless of its origin is subject to salt attack. If using around a salt water pool, it is highly recommended that you, pre-seal the pool coping before installation. This has to then be cleaned and sealed once again post installation

A NOTE FROM CINAJUS: Cinajus Sandstone is imported from China and India and has similar physical properties, hardness and durability to Australian quarried sandstone. Cost of material is a big factor during construction works and Cinajus in Sydney offers a wide range of Sandstone pavers, tiles and wall cladding at very competitive rates.

Porphyry

Composition: Porphyry is a variety of igneous rock consisting of large-grained crystals, such as feldspar or quartz, dispersed in a fine-grained matrix or groundmass.

Main uses: Nowadays porphyry is used world over in the form of porphyry blocks for road paving, for example in Italy, where square porphyry cubes are laid in urban areas according to various patterns.

Benefits: The beauty of using porphyry as an internal floor tile or external paver, pool coping or step tread is that this is virtually maintenance free.

Cinajus in Sydney offers you a choice of 2 colours, Killarney and Rose, in different formats and finishes to suit most applications, be it internal or external stone floors and stone walls.

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